... Institute in Bangalore, Karnataka, where he served as the director until his death in 1970. Bharat Ratna award winners in 1955. He was given the honorific title "Acharya" ("teacher") and was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1958) for his humanitarian work.  A Special Division Bench of the Supreme Court was formed comprising five judges; A. M. Ahmadi C. J., Kuldip Singh, B. P. Jeevan Reddy, N. P. Singh, and S. Saghir Ahmad. Since then, the award has been bestowed upon 48 individuals, including 16 who were awarded posthumously. , To deliver the judgement, the Supreme Court formed a Special Division Bench with Judge Sujata V. Manohar and G. B. Pattanaik. Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore (1912–18), he was a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. UPSC IAS 2020 Exam: Click here to get the Complete 30 Days Study Plan to score high in Prelims. What is Bharat Ratna. An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last Governor-General of independent India. The award was established by the first President of India, Rajendra Prasad, on 2 January 1954. ... Karnataka.  The first suspension occurred after Morarji Desai was sworn in as the fourth Prime Minister in 1977. Gandhi was the sixth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989. He said Savarkar was one of the accused in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, but the charges could not be proved due to lack of evidence and he was freed. He served as Union Home Minister from 1955–61. On 2 January 1954, a press communiqué was released from the office of the secretary to the President announcing the creation of two civilian awards—Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award, and the three-tier Padma Vibhushan, classified into "Pahela Warg" (Class I), "Dusra Warg" (Class II), and "Tisra Warg" (Class III), which rank below the Bharat Ratna. Scholar and educational reformer Malaviya is a founder of Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha (1906) and Banaras Hindu University and served as the university's vice-chancellor from 1919 till 1938. Kannada has won eight, the highest number of Jnana Peeth Awards, the most prestigious literary award given by the Government of India. Having debuted as a director with Pather Panchali (1955), film-maker Ray is credited with bringing world recognition to Indian cinema. The Bharat Ratna awardee receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President of India and a medallion. The first ever Indian to receive this award was the … List of all Bharat Ratna award winners Read More » Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement in 1942. Gopinath Bordoloi died on 5 August 1950, at the age of 60. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. It is a wonderful enriching experience to go through the life of the distinguished person who has excelled in their respective field 1. He was a social activist from India. The former Karnataka chief minister Siddaramaiah slammed the Bharatiya Janata Party on Friday for its plan to bestow Bharat Ratna to Veer Savarkar posthumously. This Nirbhaya Fund-Safe City project is at the root of the IPS officers’ spat in Karnataka. A Division bench comprising Chief Justice D.H. Waghela and Justice B.V. Nagarathna dismissed the petition stating that the subject is not amenable to any adjudication process and the nominations and conferment process is stated to be informal and in the discretion of the highest authority in the Government. Introduction: The Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Article Rating. He was the President of Indian National Congress for four terms and was the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946. During the late 1970s, he worked for International Rice Research Institute, Manila, and the International Maize and Wheat Research Institute, Mexico. His efforts and association with the then Minister of Home Affairs Vallabhbhai Patel were widely acknowledged while keeping Assam united with India when parts of it were to merge with East Pakistan. Winner of four Grammy Awards and often considered "the world's best-known exponent of Hindustani classical music", sitar player Shankar is known for his collaborative work with Western musicians including Yehudi Menuhin and George Harrison. It came into existence on 2nd January 1954.  Similar claims have been made with regards to his daughter Indira Gandhi but this accusation has been found to be somewhat correct. Worth to mention that 'no formal recommendations' for Bharat Ratna are necessary. He was the second Chief Minister of West Bengal (1948–62) and his birthday on 1 July is observed as National Doctors' Day in India. , The original 1954 specifications of the award was a circle made of gold 1 3⁄8 inches (35 mm) in diameter with a centred sun burst design on the obverse side. In 1989, Mangeshkar was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India's highest award in cinema. Independence activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India (1964–66), Subramaniam is known for his contribution towards Green Revolution in India. The “Bharat Ratna” Award is the highest Civilian Award in India. It is a wonderful enriching experience to go through the life of the distinguished person who has excelled in their respective field Filed Under: Personalities Tagged With: bharat ratna , bhimsen joshi , … It was made by bronze. He has been a senior leader in the Indian National Congress and has occupied several ministerial portfolios in the Government of India. , The Bharat Ratna is conferred "in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order", without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex. [a] As of 2015[update], the award has been conferred upon 45 people with 12 posthumous declarations. Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, Kane is best known for his five-volume literary work, History of Dharmasastra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India; the "monumental" work that extends over nearly 6,500 pages and was published from 1930 to 1962. Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to women's education and remarriage of Hindu widows. Bharat Ratna Medal: The medal/seal is in the form of a peepal leaf, about 5.8 cm long, 4.7 cm wide and 3.1 mm thick. "As you are aware, Lal Krishna Advani has been in public life for over seven decades. Deshmukh died on 27 February 2010, at the age of 93. sfn error: no target: CITEREFThakur2010 (, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire, Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University, History of Dharmaśāstra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India, Integrated Guided Missile Development Program, Indian National Committee for Space Research, Defence Research and Development Laboratory, Defence Research and Development Organisation, International Maize and Wheat Research Institute, "Atal Behari Vajpayee: India honours former PM with Bharat Ratna", "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part 1.last=Lal", "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I", "Govt changes criteria for Bharat Ratna; now open for all", "List of recipients of Bharat Ratna (1954–2015)", "Balaji Raghavan S. P. Anand Vs. Union of India: Transfer Case (civil) 9 of 1994", "Balaji Raghavan/S.P.Anand vs Union Of India on 15 December, 1995", "Crafting Bharat Ratna, Padma Medals at Kolkata Mint", "Sachin's Bharat Ratna today a medal from 2000", "PIL against Bharat Ratna to CNR Rao dismissed, petitioners warned", "RTI activist moves EC against Sachin Tendulkar getting Bharat Ratna", "Case filed against Bharat Ratna award to Tendulkar", "Bharat Ratna controversy: Cases filed against Manmohan, Sushil Kumar Shinde, Sachin Tendulkar", https://thewire.in/history/bharat-ratna-jawaharlal-nehru, https://www.thequint.com/news/webqoof/nehru-indira-gandhi-confer-bharat-ratna-smriti-irani-claim-fact-check, https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/delhi-assembly-passes-resolution-demanding-rajiv-gandhis-bharat-ratna-be-withdrawn/articleshow/67197153.cms, "Union of India Vs. Bijan Ghosh and ORS: Special Leave Petition (civil) 628 of 1994", "SC cancels note on Bharat Ratna for Subhash Bose", "Govt didn't violate model code in naming Sachin for Bharat Ratna: EC", "Court reserves order on Sachin Tendulkar's Bharat Ratna", "Madras HC dismisses PIL against Sachin Tendulkar getting Bharat Ratna", "HC dismisses PIL challenging Bharat Ratna to Sachin, Rao", "It's time to junk the sullied Padma awards", "An Honourable Judgement: A Supreme Court ruling aims to restore the sanctity of the nation's highest awards", "Bharat Ratna for Vajpayee, Malaviya: Govt needs to stop politicising the reward", "Let us not degrade country's highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna", "Mr Modi, why not a Bharat Ratna for the Mahatma? , The award was briefly suspended twice in its history. The recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion without any monetary grant.  The civilian awards were suspended again in mid-1992, when two Public-Interest Litigations were filed, one in the Kerala High Court and another in the Madhya Pradesh High Court, challenging the "constitutional validity" of the awards.  In a special ceremony on 18 April 1958, Dhondo Keshav Karve was awarded on his 100th birthday. Brief View of Bharat Ratna Award Winners This article was updated on May 28, 2019. Karnataka Congress Chief, Dinesh Gundu Rao tweeted: "While we are proud that senior Congressman Dr Pranab Mukherjee is conferred the Bharat Ratna… Earlier, Abul Kalam Azad had refused the Bharat Ratna while he was the. Since then, many dignitaries, each a whiz in varied aspects of their career have received this coveted award. He was Chief Minister of Madras Presidency (1937–39) and Madras State (1952–54); and founder of the Indian political party Swatantra Party. The words "Bharat Ratna" on the obverse side remained the same as the 1954 design as did the emblem of India and "Satyameva Jayate" on the reverse side. Bharat Ratna award winners in 1955. He is an Indian politician who served as the 13th President of India from 2012 until 2017. Independence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as "Lok Nayak" ("People's Hero"), Narayan is better known for "Total Revolution Movement" or "JP Movement" initiated during the mid-1970s to "overthrow the corrupt and exploitative Congress government". , The posthumous conferments of the award on the recipients who died before the Indian independence in 1947 or the award was instituted in 1954 have been criticised by historians. B. R. Ambedkar died on 6 December 1956, at the age of 65. The first singer to be awarded Bharat Ratna was M. S. Subbulakshmi. The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were: the last Governor-General of the Dominion of India – C. Rajagopalachari, second President and the first Vice President of India – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, and Nobel Prize Laureate, Physicist C. V. Raman; who were honoured in 1954. , There is no formal provision that recipients of the Bharat Ratna should be Indian citizens. He established the Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started. The current medal is in the shape of a peepal leaf, approximately 2 5⁄16 inches (59 mm) long, 1 7⁄8 inches (48 mm) wide and 1⁄8 inch (3.2 mm) thick and rimmed in platinum. Rupa Publications. Jayaprakash Narayan died on 8 October 1979, at the age of 76. Known for his slogan "Jai Jawan Jai Kisan" ("Hail the Soldier, Hail the Farmer"), Independence activist Shastri served as second Prime Minister of India (1964–66) and led the country during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. His government withdrew all personal civil honours on 13 July 1977.  In 2011, 82 members of parliament recommended Chand's name for the award to the Prime Minister's Office. He was Minister of External Affairs during 1977–79 and was awarded the "Best Parliamentarian" in 1994. , Jawaharlal Nehru has been targeted of awarding Bharat Ratna to himself while serving as Prime Minister of India in 1955. Later, he was elected as second Vice-President of India (1962–67) and went on to become the third President of India (1967–69). The last Bharat Ratna award was given to Bhupen Hazarika, Pranab Mukherjee, and Nanaji Deshmukh in 2019. He was widely known as "Maulana Azad" and his birthday on 11 November is observed as, Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer, Tata founded India's first airline, Independence activist Nanda was two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966) and two times deputy chairman of the, Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the, Aerospace and defence scientist, Kalam was involved in the development of India's first satellite launch vehicle, Independence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as "Loknayak" ("People's Leader"), Narayan is better known for ", Independence activist Bordoloi was the first. Bharat Ratna: This is the highest award honored in India. 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